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Endotracheal Tube, Cuffed

NMU-P042

NMU-P042

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  • NMU-P042

Cuffed Endotracheal Tube

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Endotracheal Tube

Endotracheal Tube, Upon entering the medical field, most aspiring nurses and healthcare professionals quickly learn the importance of proper airway management and, more specifically, the role of intubation in that process. Intubation is a valuable skill that some aspiring nurses should consider learning for their careers. It’s also practiced in the field of emergency medical services (EMS).

Endotracheal intubation-  is the process of inserting a tube through the patient’s mouth and into their airway. This is done for patients who need to be placed on a ventilator during anesthesia, sedation, Cuffed Endotracheal Tube, or severe illness.

Nasogastric intubation is the insertion of a plastic tube (nasogastric tube or NG tube) through the nose, past the throat, and into the stomach.

Nasotracheal intubation is the passing of an endotracheal tube through the naris into the nasopharynx and the trachea.

Orogastric intubation is the insertion of a plastic tube (orogastric tube) through the mouth.

Orotracheal intubation is a specific type of tracheal tube that is usually inserted through the mouth (orotracheal) or nose (nasotracheal).

Fiberoptic intubation is a technique in which a flexible endoscope with a tracheal tube loaded along its length is passed through the glottis.

Intubation vs. Tracheostomy

Some people confuse the terms “intubation” and “tracheostomy.” However, these two concepts are different.

Intubation is the process of inserting a tube through the mouth and then into the airway. This procedure is done to support a patient’s breathing when placed on a ventilator.

Tracheostomy is a medical procedure in which healthcare professionals will create an opening in their patient’s neck to place a tube into their patient’s windpipe. This allows air to enter the lungs.

When a trach is placed, the patient may be able to breathe without the aid of a ventilator. Typically, a patient is intubated for the sole purpose of providing oxygen through a machine (i.e. for surgery, sedation, or illness).

What Is the Purpose of Intubation?

Intubation is a relatively common procedure that’s performed on patients who can’t maintain their airway, patients who can’t breathe without assistance, or a combination of both.

Common reasons for intubation:

  1. The patient will undergo general anesthesia.
  2. The patient suffers from respiratory failure. There are various reasons why a patient may be too ill to breathe on their own:
    • They may have suffered an injury to their lungs.
    • They might have severe pneumonia.
    • They may have a breathing problem, like chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

How Long Does It Take to Perform Intubation?

In most cases, intubation can be performed in as little as 30 seconds.

If there aren’t any complications, the entire process (from prep to completion) shouldn’t take more than five minutes. Once it’s complete, an overseeing physician will typically check the tube’s placement, listen to the patient’s breathing, monitor their CO2 levels, or take a chest X-ray.